Stretching from some of the earliest recorded urban and literate cultures in the near east, through the emergence of the
Towards the end of the 4th Century BCE, the Academy in Athens changed. The Platonists moved away from the metaphysical
Lambasted by critics as a crude hedonist, lauded by supporters as a naturalist, Epicurus advanced a sophisticated philosophy that drew
A contemporary of Aristotle, Pyrrho followed Alexander to the East and was exposed to the thinkers of India. Returning to
Isocrates was a contemporary of Plato and one of the finest rhetoricians of the classical world. Although maligned as a
After Plato’s death, the school he established – the Academy – continued to develop upon the esoteric cosmological and metaphysical
Founded by Antisthenes, a student of Socrates, the Cynics would be a minor philosophical school throughout the Greco-Roman classical period.